Monkeypox Fast Facts – CNN


monkeypox is a poxvirusIt commonly causes lesions like acne and blisters, as well as flu-like symptoms such as fever. The disease is rarely fatal.

Monkeypox is transmitted through close contact. This includes direct physical contact with lesions, “respiratory secretions” shared through face-to-face interactions, and touching objects contaminated with monkeypox lesions or fluids. The virus can also pass to the fetus through the placenta.

Anyone can get sick from monkeypox, but according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 99% of monkeypox cases in the United States are The 2022 outbreak occurred among men who have sex with menHowever, monkeypox is not generally considered a sexually transmitted disease.

Monkeypox is usually found in West and Central Africa, but in recent years additional cases have been seen in Europe, including the United Kingdom, and other parts of the world. or related to imported animals.

WHO has named two additional virus subspecies and, in collaboration with the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), has Rename the monkeypox virus using non-stigmatizing, non-offensive social and cultural nomenclature.

case tracking

CDC Monkeypox Map and Number of Cases

Timeline and 2022 Outbreak

1958- Monkeypox is It was discovered when monkeys kept for research caused two outbreaks in Copenhagen, Denmark.
1970- of First human case of monkeypox was recorded in Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
2003- A monkeypox epidemic in the United States More than 80 cases have been reported in pet prairie dogs imported from Ghana.
From July 16, 2021 The Dallas CDC and local health officials announced they were investigating. A case of monkeypox in a traveler from Nigeria. “The individual is a Dallas City resident who traveled to Dallas from Nigeria and arrived at Love Field Airport on July 9, 2021. The individual has been hospitalized in Dallas and is in stable condition.” said the Dallas County Department of Health and Human Services. in a statement.
From May 17, 2022 first confirmed US cases of monkeypox epidemic in 2022 reported to CDC A traveler returning to Massachusetts from Canada.
From May 19, 2022 WHO reports: Mortality in monkeypox outbreaks was between 3% and 6%.
From May 23, 2022 of CDC announces release of monkeypox vaccine dose from country’s Strategic National Stockpile for “high-risk people.” In the United States, two-dose Jynneos vaccination It is licensed for the prevention of smallpox, especially monkeypox.
From May 26, 2022 CDC Director Rochelle Walensky, Ph.D. US announces it is distributing vaccine It also recommends vaccination of those most at risk of infection from direct contact with a monkeypox patient.
From June 2022 first possible case Human-to-dog transmission of monkeypox Two men and their pets have been infected in Paris, said Dr Rosamund Lewis, WHO’s monkeypox response technical lead. A man was diagnosed with monkeypox in a Paris hospital. Twelve days after his symptoms began, his 4-year-old Italian greyhound also started showing symptoms, according to a report published in the journal. lancet.

From June 22, 2022 CDC has announced partnerships with five commercial laboratories to increase its testing capacity in the United States.

From June 23, 2022 New York City launches the first monkeypox vaccination clinic in the United States.

From June 28, 2022 US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Biden Administration Announces an enhanced vaccination strategy and reports that more than 9,000 doses of vaccine have been distributed to date.

From July 22, 2022 Two American children have monkeypox — the first in the United States. According to the CDC, the two cases are unrelated.

From July 23, 2022 WHO declare Monkeypox is a public health emergency of international concern that “could constitute a public health risk to other countries through the spread of the disease internationally, requiring a coordinated international response.” An extraordinary event that could happen.”
From July 27, 2022 Weeks after monkeypox vaccine supplies were limited, More than 786,000 additional doses are available in the United States, according to HHS.
From July 29, 2022 New York declare State disaster emergency in response to monkeypox outbreak.
From August 1, 2022 California and Illinois declare states of emergency. More than 800 cases have been reported in California and more than 500 cases in Illinois, according to CDC data.
From August 2, 2022 a Monkeypox Response Team Launched By the Biden administration. President Joe Biden appointed Robert Fenton of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as the White House National Monkeypox Response Coordinator.
From August 2, 2022 a Report from the Spanish National Institute of Microbiology iWe show that two men, aged 31 and 44, died of unrelated monkeypox but had developed encephalitis, a swelling of the brain, that could be caused by a viral infection. Encephalitis is a very rare condition known to be associated with monkeypox. Cases of monkeypox have been reported in West Africa and in 2003 in the United States during a small outbreak associated with imported prairie dogs.
From August 4, 2022 Biden administration Monkeypox outbreak declared a national public health emergency.
From August 5, 2022 a report According to a study released by the CDC, 94% of cases were men who had recently had sexual or intimate contact with another man. In addition, 54% of cases were black Americans and Latinos.
From August 9, 2022 To expand the limited supply of Jynneos monkeypox vaccine, federal health officials are allowing smaller doses to be administered using alternative injection methods. new injection strategy Instead of subcutaneous injections, healthcare professionals can make shallow intradermal injections between layers of skin at one-fifth the standard dose.
From August 18, 2022 White House announced Accelerating HHS vaccine delivery schedules, An additional 1.8 million doses of the Jynneos vaccine will become available.Additional vaccines will be distributed to communities hosting large hosts LGBTQI+ event.
From August 19, 2022 King County, Washington, including Seattle, declared monkeypox a public health emergency, with more than 270 documented cases.

Source: www.cnn.com

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