Everything You Need To Know About Dog Breeding


Dog breeding can be a very rewarding experience however, there are many things you have to consider for success. You need to be there for your pet dog all the time and it may not be just enough. When you want to start breeding dogs there are many things you have to take into consideration before even starting the breeding process. It takes a lot of time, patience, knowledge, money, and visits to a vet.

If you’ve already got a newborn puppy, then may seek for a puppy birth certificate template. So, this article is all about sharing valuable tips on successful dog breeding, breeding consultations, and the procedures involved.

Dog Breeding

The first thing you should know about this process is that your goal should be to enhance the breed and not the number of puppies. Many things can go wrong if careful consideration is not taken including cognitive defects. Learn everything you can about your dog and the breed you want to reproduce such as its strengths, weaknesses, common illnesses/ diseases, and more. Do this by reading books, researching online, talking to your vets and professional breeders,  and attending breeding consultations at your vet.

Selecting Your Dogs

When selecting a female dog) and a male dog, you have to ensure they have a good temper and are fit and healthy. The vets will be able to perform the necessary tests during the breeding consultations to make sure they are both well enough and suitable for reproducing a successful purebred litter and don’t pass anything down to the puppies.

The dogs you select to mate with also have to be of an appropriate age, especially for females who should be at least one year old and have had their first full season ( dog menstruation). And the stud should have a compatible pedigree with your female dog to be able to breed.

What Do You Feed a Pregnant Dog?

A growth or performance food is best to feed a pregnant bitch because they are nutrient-dense and thus require less food to sustain her increasing energy needs. Particularly later in the pregnancy when her uterus takes up much of the space of the abdomen, she may have trouble eating a significant amount of food. At whelping, a bitch should weigh 5-to-10 percent more than before breeding. Try to avoid obesity as it is associated with difficulty whelping, increased birth defects in neonates, and stillbirths. Likewise, a thin body condition can cause conception failure, loss of pregnancy, and low-weight pups.

How Soon Should Puppies Nurse After Birth?

Puppies cannot make their own antibodies at birth, so it is important that they receive their dam’s first milk, colostrum, which is rich in disease-protecting antibodies. Puppies can absorb these antibodies from their intestinal tract for only about the first 24 hours of life. Don’t be concerned if your bitch does not nurse until all the puppies are born. This is a common behavior that generally causes no risk to puppies.

Medical Procedures For Dog Breeding

When reproductive planning for dogs there are many other medical tests and procedures that are required and recommended to help with the breeding process.

Progesterone Testing

Vet progesterone testing consists of testing the females for fertility issues, and abnormalities and determining where they are in their ovulation cycle. These tests can be performed by a vet in the form of a blood test which can be more accurate than the progesterone kits. Accuracy of these tests is extremely important and is a key part of successful breeding and helps pinpoint the best time to breed. Vets recommend getting this test done after the bitch’s heat cycle has started on day five.

Wellness Exams

Wellness exams are important for both females and males. These routine exams check for the overall health and well-being of the dogs making sure they are in optimal shape for the breeding process. These exams can include checking the eyes, coat, lungs, heart, and more looking for any abnormalities. Blood tests and urine tests could also be recommended.

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